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The Cavalier in Exile
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Pattern for all Gentlemen; for it is Courtly, Civil, easie and free, without Formality or Constraint; and yet hath something in it of grandure, that causes an awful respect to wards him.

12. Of His Discourse.

His Discourse is as free and unconcerned, as his Behaviour, Pleasant, Witty, and Instructive; He is quick in Reparties or sudden answers, and hates dubious disputes, and premeditated Speeches. He loves also to intermingle his Discourse with some short pleasant stories, and witty sayings, and always names the Author from whom he hath them; for he hates to make another man’s Wit his own.

13. Of His Habit.

He accouters his Person according to the Fashion, if it be one that is not troublesome and uneasie for men of Heroick Exercises and Actions. He is neat and cleanly; which makes him to be somewhat long in dressing, though not so long as many effeminate per sons are. He shifts ordinarily once a day, and every time when he uses Exercise, or his temper is more hot then ordinary.

14. Of his DIET.

IN his Diet he is so sparing and temperate, that he never eats nor drinks beyond his set proportion, so as to satisfie onely his natural appetite : He makes but one Meal a day, at which he drinks two good Glasses of Small-Beer, one about the beginning, the other at the end thereof, and a little Glass of

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Sack in the middle of his Dinner; which Glass of Sack he also uses in the morning for his Breakfast, with a Morsel of Bread. His Supper consists of an Egg, and a draught of Small-beer. And by this Temperance he finds himself very healthful, and may yet live many years, he being now of the Age of Seventy three, which I pray God from my soul, to grant him.

15 His Recreation and Exercise.

H prime Pastime and Recreation hath always been the Exercise of Mannage and Weapons; which Heroick Arts he used to practise every day; but I observing that when he had over-heated himself, he would be apt to take cold, prevail’d so far, that at last he left the frequent use of the Mannage, using nevertheless still the Exercise of Weapons; and though he doth not ride him self so frequently as he hath done; yet he takes delight in seeing his Horses of Mannage rid by his Escuyers, whom he instructs in that Art for his own pleasure. But in the Art of Weapons (in which he has a method beyond all that ever were famous in it, found out by his own Ingenuity and Practice) he never taught any body, but the now Duke of Buckingham, whose Guardian He hath been, and his own two sons.

The rest of his time he spends in Musick, Poetry, Architecture and the like.

16. Of  His Pedigree.

HAVING made promise in the beginning of the first Book, that I would join a more large

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Description of the Pedigree of my Noble Lord and Husband, to the end of the History of his life: I shall now discharge my self; and though I could derive it from a longer time, and reckon up a great many of his Ancestors, even from the time of William the Conqueror, He being descended from the most ancient family of the Gernouns, as Cambden relates in his Britannia, in the Description of Derbyshire ; yet it being a work fitter for Heralds, I shall proceed no further then his Grandfather, and shew you onely those noble Families which my Lord is allied to by his Birth.

My Lord’s Grandfather, by his Father, (as is formerly mentioned) was Sir William Cavendish, Privy-Counsellor and Treasurer of the Chamber to King Henry the Eighth, Edward the Sixth, and Queen Mary; who married two Wives; by the first he had onely two Daughters ; but by the second, Elizabeth, who was my Lords Grandmother, he had three Sons and four Daughters, whereof one Daughter died young. She was Daughter to John Hardwich of Hardwick, in the County of Derby, Esq. ; and had four Husbands: The first was — Barlow, Esq. ; who died before they were bedded together, they being both very young. The second was Sir William Cavendish, my Lord’s Grandfather, who being somewhat in years, married her chiefly for her beauty; she had so much power in his affection, that she perswaded him to sell his Estate which he had in the Southern parts of England (for he was very rich) and buy an Estate in the Northern parts, viz, in Derby-

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shire, and thereabout, where her own friends and kindred liv’d, which he did; and having there setled himself, upon her further perswasion, built a Mannor-house in the same County, called Chattesworth, which, as I have heard, cost first and last above 80,000 1. sterling. But before this House was flnish’d, he died, and left six Children, viz, three Sons and three Daughters, which before they came to be marriageable, she married a third Husband, Sir William St Loo Captain of the Guard to Queen Elizabeth, and Grand Butler of England; who dying without Issue, she married a fourth Husband, George, Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom she left no issue.

The Children which she had by her second Husband, Sir William Cavendish, being grown marriageable; the eldest Son Henry, married Grace the youngest Daughter of his Father in Law, the said George Earl of Shrewsbury, which he had by his former Wife Gertrude, Daughter of Thomas Manners, Earl of Rut land, but died without Issue.

The second Son William, after Earl of Devonshire, had two Wives; the first was an Heiress, by whom he had Children, but all died save one Son, whose name was also William, Earl of Devonshire .‘ His second Wife was Widdow to Sir Edward Wortly, who had several Children by her first Husband, and but one Son by the said Will. Cavendish, after Earl of Devonshire, who dyed young. His Son by his first Wife, (William Earl of Devonshire) married Christian, Daughter of Edward Lord Bruce, a Scots-man, by whom he had two Sons, and one Daughter; the

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Eldest Son William, now Earl of Devonshire, married Elizabeth, the second Daughter of William Earl of Salisbury, by whom he has three children, viz. Two Sons and one Daughter, whereof the Eldest Son William is married to the second Daughter of James now Duke of Ormond; the second Son Charles is yet a youth: The Daughter Anne married the Lord Rich, the onely Son and Child to Charles now Earl of Warwick; but he dyed without issue.

The second Son of William Earl of Devon shire, and Brother to the now Earl of Devon shire, was unfortunately slain in the late Civil Waits, as is before mentioned.

The Daughter of the said William Earl of Devonshire, Sister to the now Earl of Devon shire, married Robert Lord Rich, Eldest Son to Robert Earl of Warwick, by whom she had but one Son, who married, but dyed without Issue.

The third and youngest Son of Sir William Cavendish, Charles Cavendish, (my Lord’s Father) had two Wives; the first was Daughter and Coheir to Sir Thomas Kidson, who dyed a year after her Marriage, with out issue : The second was the younger Daughter of Cuthbert Lord Ogle, and after her Elder and onely Sister Jane, Wife to Edward Earl of Shrewsbury, who dyed without Issue, became Heir to her Father’s Estate and Title; by whom he had three Sons; whereof the eldest dyed in his Infancy; the second was William, my dear Lord and Husband; the third, Charles, who dyed a Batchelour about the age of Sixty three.

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My Lord hath had two Wives; the first was Elizabeth, Daughter and Heir to William Basset of Bloore, in the County of Stafford, Esq.; and Widow to Henry Howard, younger Son to Thomas Earl of Suffolk; by whom he had ten Children, viz. Six Sons, and four Daughters; whereof five, viz, four Sons, and one Daughter, dyed young; the rest, viz. Two Sons and three Daughters, came to be married.

His Elder Son, Charles, Viscount of Mans field, married the Eldest Daughter and Heir of Mr. Richard Rogers, by whom he had but one Daughter, who dyed soon after her birth; and he dyed also without any other Issue.

His second Son Henry, now Earl of Ogle, married Francis the eldest Daughter of Mr. William Pierrepont, by whom he hath had three Sons, and four Daughters; two Sons were born before their natural time; the third, Henry Lord Mansfield is alive: The four Daughters are, the Lady Elizabeth, Lady Frances, Lady Margaret, and Lady Catherine.

My Lords three Daughters were thus married; The eldest, Lady Jane, married Charles Cheiney, Esq.; descended of a very noble and ancient family; by whom she hath one Son and two Daughters. The second, Lady Elizabeth, married John now Earl of Bridgwater, then Lord Brackly, and eldest Son to John then Earl of Bridgwater; who died in Childbed, and left five Sons, and one Daughter, whereof the eldest Son John Lord Brackly, married the Lady Elizabeth,

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onely Daughter and Child to James then Earl Middlesex.

My Lords third Daughter, the Lady Frances, married Oliver Earl of Bullingbrook, and hath had no Child yet.

After the death of my Lords first Wife, who died the I7th.of April, in the Year 1643, he married me, Margaret, Daughter to Thomas Lucas of St. Johns near Colchester, in Essex, Esquire ; but hath no Issue by me.

And this is the Posterity of the three Sons of Sir William Cavendish, my Lords Grandfather by his Fathers side; The three Daughters were disposed of as followeth:

The eldest Frances Cavendish, married Sir Henry Pierrepont of Holm Pierrepont, in the County of Nottingham, by whom she had two Sons, whereof the first died young; The second, Robert, after Earl of Kingston upon Hull, married Gertrude, the eldest Daughter, and Co-heir to Henry Talbot fourth Son to George Earl of Shrewsbury by whom he had five Sons and three Daughters whereof the eldest Son Henry, now Marquess of Dorchester, hath had two Wives; the first Cecilia, eldest Daughter to the Lord Viscount Bayning, by whom he had several Children, of which there are living onely two Daughters; the eldest Anne who married John Rosse, onely Son of John now Earl of Rutland.; the second, Grace., who is. Unmarried. His second Wife was Catharine second  Daughter to James Earl of Derby, by whom he has no Issue living.

The second Son of the Earl of Kingston William, married the sole Daughter and

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Heir of Sir Thomas Harries, by whom he had Issue five Sons, and five Dayghters, whereof two Sons and two Daughters died unmarried: The other six are,

Robert the Eldest, who married Elizabeth, Daughter and Co-heir to Sir John Evelyne by whom he has three Sons, and one Daughter. The second Son George, and the third Gervas, are yet unmarried.

The eldest Daughter of William Pierrepont, Frances, is married to my Lords now onely Son and Heir, Henry Earl of Ogle, as before is mentioned.

The second, Grace, is married to Gilbert now Earl of Clare, by whom he hath Issue, Two sons, and three daughters.

The third, Gertrude, is unmarried:

The third son of the Earl of Kingston, Francis Pierrepont, married Elizabeth the eldest daughter of Mr. Bray, by whom he had Issue, one son, and one daughter; the son, Robert, married Anne the daughter of Henry Murray. The daughter, Frances marrieed William Pagatt, eldest son to William Pagatt. (Paget.)

The fourth son of the Earl of Kingston Gervase, is unmarried.

The fifth son, George Pierrepont married the daughter of Mr Jonas, by whom he had two sons unmarried, Henry and Samuel.

The three daughters of the said Earl of Kingston, are, Frances the eldest, who was married to Philip Rowleston; the second. Mary, dyed young; the third, Elizabeth, is unmarried.

The second daughter of Sir William

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Cavendish, Elizabeth, married the Earl of Lennox, Unkle to King James; by whom she had onely one daughter, the Lady Arabella, who against King Jame’s Commands (she being after Him and His Children, the next Heir to the Crown) married William, the second son to the Earl of Hereford; for which she was put into the Tower, where not long after she dyed.

The youngest daughter Mary Cavendish, married Gilbert Talbot, second son to George Earl of Shrewsbury; who after the decease of his Father, and his elder Brother Francis, who dyed without Issue, became Earl of Shrews bury; by whom she had Issue, four sons, and three daughters; the sons all dyed in their Infancy, but the daughters were married.

The eldest, Mary Talbot, married William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, by whom (some eighteen years after her Marriage) she had one son, who dyed young.

The second daughter, Elizabeth, married Sir Henry Gray, after Earl of Kent, (the fourth Earl of England) by whom she had no Issue.

The third and youngest daughter Aletheia, married Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, the first Earl, and Earl-Marshal of England; by whom she left two sons, James, who died beyond the seas without Issue; and Henry, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Esme Stuart, Duke of Lennox; by whom he had Issue, several sons and one daughter; whereof the eldest son, Thomas, (since the

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Restauration of King Charles the Second) was restored to the Dignity of his Ancestors, viz. Duke of Norfolk, next to the Royal Family, the first Duke of England.

And this is briefly the Pedigree of my dear Lord and Husband, from his Grandfather by his Fathers side; concerning his Kindred and alliances by his Mother, who was Katherine, Daughter to Cuthbert Lord Ogle, they are so many, that it is impossible for me to enumerate them all, My Lord being by his Mother related to the chief of the most ancient Families of Northumberland, and other the Northern parts; onely this I may mention, that My Lord is a Peer of the Realm, from the first year of King Edward the Fourth his Reign.

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